Cambodian Constitution and Legislation

Cambodian Constitution, Chapter III

The Projects of DBFC, dedicated to guarantee education of poor and vulnerable children and youth, stand definitively for the protection of children’s human rights and encourage others to do so. In the Cambodian Constitution, Chapter III, there are several articles establishing the protection of children and women’s rights.

Art. 31: requires the State to recognize and respect human rights, including covenants and conventions related to human rights, women’s and children’s rights

Art. 46: requires the State and society to provide opportunities to women, so that they can get employment, medical care, and send their children to school.

Art. 47: enshrines a duty of parents to care for and educate their children to become good citizens and establishes a corresponding duty for children to care for their parents in old age.

Art. 48: requires the State to protect the rights of children as stipulated in the “Convention on Children”, particularly the right to life, education, protection during wartime and from economic or sexual exploitation. The State is required to protect children from acts that are injurious to their educational opportunities, health and welfare.

Art. 73: requires the State to give full consideration to children and mothers and to establish nurseries and help support women and children who have inadequate support.

Agreements of the National Legislation

Protection of children and women in Cambodia are also established in different agreements of the national legislation.

  • The Penal Code
  • The Civil Code
  • The Law on Suppression of Human Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation 2008
  • The Law on the Prevention of Domestic Violence and Protection of the Victims 2005
  • The Law on Proportion of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2009
  • The Social Security Law 2002
  • The Law on Inter-Country Adoption 2009
  • The Law on Marriage and Family 1989
  • The Law on Education 2007
  • The Law on Khmer Nationality1996
  • Sub-decree on Civil Status No. 103 of December 2000